|RNA-binding proteins La and HuR cooperatively modulate translation repression of PDCD4 mRNA [Mass Spectrometry Facility - Proteomics]
|Year of Publication
|Kumar R, Poria DKumar, Ray PSarothi
|J Biol Chem .
|doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA120.014894. Online ahead of print.
Post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression plays a critical role in controlling the inflammatory response. An uncontrolled inflammatory response results in chronic inflammation, often leading to tumorigenesis. Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is a pro-inflammatory tumor-suppressor gene which helps to prevent the transition from chronic inflammation to cancer. PDCD4 mRNA translation is regulated by an interplay between the oncogenic microRNA miR-21 and the RNA-binding protein (RBP) HuR in response to LPS stimulation, but the role of other regulatory factors remain unknown. Here we report that the RBP Lupus antigen (La) interacts with the 3'UTR of PDCD4 mRNA and prevents miR-21-mediated translation repression. While LPS causes nuclear-cytoplasmic translocation of HuR, it enhances cellular La expression. Remarkably, La and HuR were found to bind cooperatively to the PDCD4 mRNA and mitigate miR-21-mediated translation repression. The cooperative action of La and HuR reduced cell proliferation and enhanced apoptosis, reversing the pro-oncogenic function of miR-21. Together, these observations demonstrate a cooperative interplay between two RBPs, triggered differentially by the same stimulus, which exerts a synergistic effect on PDCD4 expression and thereby helps maintain a balance between inflammation and tumorigenesis.